IMPACTS OF INTENSIVE AGRICULTURE ON BIRDS: A REVIEW
Palabras clave:agricultural intensification, avifauna, biodiversity, land use change, pesticides.
Intensive agriculture has had a negative impact on biodiversity and human health across the world. Specifically, bird populations have declined for many years due to soil degradation and agrochemical pollution. This review, which draws on 890 sources, including research articles and literature reviews, examines the interaction between birds and intensive agriculture to better understand its effects and conservation implications. Intensive agricultural activities have resulted in significant population declines among insectivorous and carnivorous birds, while generalist bird populations have increased. The heavy use of pesticides in intensive agriculture affects food availability for birds by reducing invertebrate and vertebrate populations as well as natural vegetation cover, which has a significant impact on bird diversity. Additionally, the accumulation of toxic compounds reduces bird reproductive success. In general, intensive agroecosystems have consistently had lower avian diversity than forest habitats and even lower-impact agricultural systems. However, some agroecosystems, such as rice fields, agricultural drainages, and canal systems, create alternative habitats that can benefit waterfowl. Future work should consider strategies such as restoring and enhancing vegetation edges, preserving natural vegetation, implementing organic farming practices, maintaining water bodies, and providing economic incentives for landowners to conserve biodiversity on their land to promote bird diversity conservation.
Agrociencia es una publicación sesquimensual en formato totalmente bilingüe (español-inglés), y editada por el Colegio de Postgraduados. Carretera México-Texcoco Km. 36.5, Montecillo, Texcoco, Estado de México, CP 56264, Teléfono (52) 5959284427. www.colpos.mx. Editor en Jefe de Agrociencia: Dr. Fernando Carlos Gómez Merino. Reservas de Derechos al Uso Exclusivo: 04-2021-031913431800-203, e-ISSN: 2521-9766, otorgados por el Instituto Nacional del Derecho de Autor.